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Nautical Glossary

The maritime world uses a vocabulary that mystifies the layman for its obscurity. Below is a list in alphabetical order of terms used in the Royal Navy
and their Explanations, obtained from Wikipedia (see also its Glossary of Nautical Terms), the Age of Sail, David Steel's The Elements and Practice of Rigging And Seamanship (1794), the Textbook of Seamanship (1891) by Commodore Stephen Bleecker Luce, and other sources.

Explanatory words in italics have their own entries under Term, while Image Sources in  grey  indicate cross-references to other Terms.
For space considerations, some Image Sources are abbreviated (*), but given in full at the bottom of this page. Reliable source attribution is rather problematic because a given image may be shared by many sites, not always bothering to indicate authorship.

Click a blue link Term to see its related image from the Internet - for this, Lokesh Dhakar's Lightbox is used.

Term ExplanationImage Source
A AbackTo turn a foresail against the wind to help the vessel turn when tacking.Fine Art America
AbaftTo the back of, in or behind the stern of a vessel.(none)
AbeamAt right angles to the vessel's keel.Transport Safety
Aboard, onboard, on boardOn the vessel.(none)
AdmiralThe highest rank obtainable by a Commissioned Officer. See Naval Ranks on another page.Pinterest
AdriftA vessel afloat but out of control.NZ Folk Song
AforeIn, on, or toward the front of a vessel.(none)
AftThe rear part of a vessel.Rick McClain
AfloatA vessel floating freely, not aground or sunk.Afloat IE
AfterdeckOpen deck behind a vessel's bridge.Daily Mail
AfterguardSeamen who work the aft sails on the quarterdeck and poop deck.(none)
AgroundResting on or touching the sea bottom, a submerged reef or a sandbar.Ocean's Bridge
Ahoy, boat ahoy, ship ahoy!Cry to hail an approaching boat or vessel.(none)
Ahull (lying)Weathering a storm with sails furled and helm lashed to the lee side.Fine Art America
AleeTo leeward.(none)
AloftOver the upper deck, on the rigging.P* Tall Ships
AmidshipsIn the middle of a vessel.Rick McClain
AnchorEquipment to prevent or slow the drift of a vessel, attached by a line or chain: a metal hook-like object designed to grip the bottom.Christine De Merchant
Anchor's aweighAnchor (2) just clear of the bottom.Wikipedia
Anchor cattedAnchor secured to the catheads.Pinterest
Anchor draggingAnchor not holding to the bottom, allowing its vessel to drift.Safety 4 Sea
ArmourerPetty Officer responsible for maintaining and repairing a vessel's small arms.(none)
AsternBehind or to the rear of a vessel.Transport Safety
Athwart, athwartshipsAt right angles to the fore and aft or centreline of a vessel.Rick McClain
Avast!Order to stop whatever is being done.(none)
Aye
Aye, aye
Yes reply to an order or command to indicate that it has been heard, understood and will be carried out.
The proper reply from a hailed boat to indicate that an Officer is being rowed onboard.
(none)
B Backing (sails) Slowing/halting a vessel's forward progress by setting her sails against the wind. See also heave to.Fine Art America
Backstays Lines or cables (red) to support the masts from their rear.Global Security
BallastHeavy material in the vessel's hold to provide stability.John R. Childress
Barge Large boat for transportation between a larger vessel and the shore or within a harbor.BB Privateer
BarometerInstrument to measure atmospheric pressure and forecast short-term weather changes.Land and Sea Collection
Barque, Barc, BarkVessel with 3 or more masts, the foremast and mainmast square-rigged, the mizzen mast rigged fore-and-aft.Wikipedia
Barquentine, Barkenteen,
Schooner-Bark
Vessel with 3 or more masts: a square rigged foremast and fore-and-aft rigged main, mizzen and any other masts.Wikipedia
Battening down the hatchesSecuring closed hatch covers with battens or gratings to prevent water entry.Fine Art America
BattensWooden steps on vessels' sides to facilitate ascent to the entry ports. Also reinforcements in junk sails.Media Harmonists
BeakheadSmall deck in front of the forecastle, where the heads are located.Wikipedia
Bears, bibles, prayer booksSquared-off pieces of soft sandstone (holystone) used for holystoning the deck.Amazon
Beating to quartersSummoning a vessel's complement to battle stations by a continuous drum roll played by a Marine boy.Pinterest
Beating to windwardSailing as close to the wind as possible. Also close hauled, see Points of sail.Cichw1
BecalmedA vessel unable to move through lack of wind..Steve Mayo Art
BeesElm planks (low right) bolted to the outer ends of the bowsprit through which forestays are reeved.Modelship Builder
Belay!Order to halt a current activity or to countermand a previous order before its execution.(none)
BelayingMaking a line fast around a cleat or belaying pin.Wikipedia
Belaying pinWooden tool with a round handle and cylindrical shaft, inserted into a hole in various strategically placed wooden fife rails on top of bulwarks and elsewhere. Also a handy seaman's weapon at boardings.US Militaria Forum
Bend on (sails)To attach sails to the yards before hoisting them up.(none)
Berths (accomodation)Sleeping quarters on board vessels.(none)
Berths (harbour)Docking places assigned to vessels in ports.Pinterest
BightLoop in rope or line.Working the Sails
BilboesIron bars with sliding shackles for confining prisoners' ankles.Pinterest
BilgeLowest compartment at the bottom of the hull where water collects and is manually pumped out periodically.Pinterest
Bilge pumpsHand-operated pumps of various types to empty/lower the water level in the bilge.Living in the Past
BillsLists of the members of a vessel's entire company, specifying:
- Watch Bill: larboard and starboard watch personnel
- Quarter Bill: divisional stations to be taken in time of action or for given evolutions
- Station Bill: divisional stations to be manned for various situations. Also called Muster List.
Slide Share CDN
BinnacleStand (left) where the vessel's compass is housed.CSDS*
BittsPosts (mid left) for fastening ropes or cables.Rick McClain
BlackstrapCheap red Spanish wine distributed to the crew in lieu of unavailable grog.(none)
BlockshipVessel deliberately sunk in a waterway to obstruct it and make it unnavigable.Daily Mail
BlocksPulleys with single or multiple grooved wheels.Shutterstock
BoardingAssaulting an enemy vessel lashed alongside by grapnels, or from boats.Pinterest
Boarding partyGroup of Officers, Seamen and Royal Marines assaulting an enemy vessel by boat.Pinterest
Boatswain, Bo'sunA Warrant Officer in charge of deck and rigging activities.Alamy
Boatswain's, Bo'sun's chairWooden platform to suspend a Seaman from a rope to perform work aloft.Pinterest
Boatswain's, Bo'sun's pipeWhistle to issue commands..Whistle Museum
BobstayStay (C) holding the bowsprit downwards.Wikipedia
BollardPost on a wharf to which mooring ropes are tied.Dreams Time
BoltropeStrong rope stitched to edges of a sail.Navy Administration
BoomsSpars (right) attached to yards that can be extended outwards to hoist stunning sails.P* Old Sails
Boom vangLine (67, lower left) used to downhaul the mizzen boom and control the shape of the gaff sail.Schoonerman
Bow, bowsThe front part of a vessel.P* Tall Ships
BowerA vessel's main anchor(s), normally carried in the catheads at the bow.Blogspot
BowspritLong spar extending forward from the vessel's prow.Dreams Time
Boy, cabin boyServant, attendant. Usually a very young man - see Naval Ranks on another page.ULD*
BracesRunning rigging (left) used to control the yards.Classic Sailing
Brail upTo haul in or up the leeches of sails so as to make them spill the wind and stop drawing.SMA*
BridgeSee quarterdeck.
BrigVessel with 2 square-rigged masts.Wikipedia
Brig of warUnrated flush-decked, 2-masted fighting vessel. See Ships' Rates on another page.Wikipedia
Brigantine2-masted vessel with a square-rigged foremast and gaff-rigged mainsail with square rig above it on the aft mainmast.Wikipedia
Brig-Schooner, Schooner-Brig,
Hermaphrodite Brig
2-masted sailing vessel with square sails on the foremast and a schooner rig on the mainmast (triangular topsail over a gaff mainsail).Wikipedia
BroachA vessel turning sideways to high waves, thus liable to being swamped by the seas and capsize.Broadway
BroadsideThe simultaneous firing of all the cannon on one side of a vessel.Goodreads
BrowPlatform of joined wooden planks to board or leave a vessel at a pier. Also gangplank or gangway.Blogspot
BuccaneersCaribbean pirates preying on passing merchant vessels of any nationality.Buccaneers' Reef
BulwarksExtensions (1) of a vessel's or boat sides above the level of the deck.Ship Modeling
BumboatsBoats selling goods of all sorts to anchored vessels.CPP*
BuntThe middle part of a sail.Freepages
BuntlinesLines (centre) tied to the bottom of a square sail to haul it up to the yard when furling.Classic Sailing
Bunting, dress overallAll available flags hoisted in celebration of some event or occasion.Daily Mail
BurgooPorridge or gruel of oatmeal.WordPress
C CableThick anchor line. Also measure of length (200 yards).ANMM* WP*
Cable tierThe dark compartment belowdecks (33) where cable and rope are stored.piratesrp.weebly
CamberSlight convexity (top left) to a vessel's deck.Wikipedia
CamelsLoaded barges lashed on each side of a vessel, then emptied to provide additional buoyancy and reduce the draught of the vessel in the middle.Wikipedia
Canister shotCannon ammunition similar to grapeshot but with more and smaller balls.Quora
CannonThe smoothbore main armament of a sailing vessel - see Naval Cannon on another page.Blogspot
CapstanA broad revolving cylinder with vertical axle through the deck, used for winding a rope,
cable or hawser and turned round by Seamen with bars to raise anchors or spars.
Shanteyman
CaptainThe Commissioned Officer in command of a rated ship - see Naval Ranks on another page.ULD*
Captain's ClerkCivilian hired to help the Commanding Officer manage a vessel's paperwork.(none)
Captain's MastFormal disciplinary hearing conducted usually before the mainmast by a Captain or a lower-ranking Commissioned Officer to examine and dispose of cases involving defaulters under their command, concluded by either dismissing the charges or imposing an appropriate punishment.(none)
Captain's StewardCivilian (left) hired by a vessel's Commanding Officer as a personal servant.Wikipedia
CareenBeaching a vessel at high tide to perform maintenance on its normally submerged parts.Wikipedia
CarpenterWarrant Officer responsible for the maintenance of a vessel's hull, masts, spars and boats.ULD*
Carvel-builtVessel's hull with planks (right) fastened edge to edge, forming a smooth surface.Wikipedia
Catharpins, cat-harpinsShort ropes or iron clamps used to brace in the shrouds toward the masts for a freer sweep to the yards.Sail Blogs
CatheadsBeams extending laterally at the bow, to raise anchors without hitting the hull and to secure them afterwards.St. Vincent College
Cat-o'-nine-tailsWhip with 9 knotted ends, prepared anew and kept in a red baize bag by a bosun's mate, to give lashes to Seamen defaulters. Also Captain's daughter.Study Blue
CaulkerPetty Officer responsible for maintaining and repairing the caulking of a vessel's hull.Pinterest
Caulking, calkingSealing the seams bertween planks with fibers of cotton and oakum (hemp fiber soaked in pine tar), then covering them over with a putty in the case of hull seams, or with melted pine pitch in deck seams.Q-Files
Chains (iron)See also futtock shrouds.USF*
Chains (wooden)Lateral outboard platforms to spread the shrouds, also used by leadsmen to take soundings.MNH
ChartingSurveying a coastal location for prominent features and depths.3d1000
Chase guns, chasersSmall cannon in the bow or stern to damage a target and make it lose performance, or evaluate its range.Model Ship World
ChocksDevices (top) to guide a line. Also wooden wedges.Rick McClain
CiviliansPersonnel like Captain's Clerk, Cook, Steward hired and paid directly by a vessel's Commanding Officer to assist him in various non-fighting duties. See Naval Ranks on another page.(none)
CleatsDevices (mid right) to secure ropes aboard a vessel.Rick McClain
ClewsThe lower corners (13) of sails, to which sheets (2) are attached.Classic Sailing
Clew linesLines (right) attached to the clews of sails, used to reduce their drawing area.Classic Sailing
Clinker- built, lapstrakeVessel's hull with planks (left) that overlap.Wikipedia
ClippersVery fast 3- or 4-masted merchant sailing vessels of the mid 1800s, for cargo and/or passengers.Calisphere
CoamingRaised edge around hatches to keep water out.Indiana Edu
CoasterVessel for coastal trade.Blogspot
CockbillTo suspend an anchor vertically in preparation to letting it go.Lossi Antiik
ColoursA nation’s flag or service flag flown at the mainmast and/or the mizzen mast.
See also Daily Life on Board on another page.
Pinterest
CockpitBerth for Midshipmen and Master's mates in the stern or bow (lower left, red) of a vessel.WordPress
Come aboutSee tacking.
CommanderFormerly "Master and Commander", a Commissioned Officer in command of a vessel.
See Naval Ranks on another page.
Wikipedia
CommissionAppointment to Officer's rank made by the Admiralty.Parade Antiques
Commission/decommissionTo formally place in/take a vessel out of active service.(none)
Commissioned OfficerAn Officer who has received the Admiralty's commission - see Naval Ranks on another page.Wikipedia
CompanionwaysStairways (centre right) leading from one vessel's deck to another.Blogspot
ConningTo direct the steering a vessel, performed by the Commanding Officer or the Watch Officer on duty.ULD*
CookCivilian hired to prepare food in the vessel's galley.ULD*
Cooper Petty Officer responsible to the Purser for the maintenance of a vessel's casks and barrels.Freelance Historian
CorsairsPrivateers issued with a Letter of Marque and Reprisal, thus authorised to wage the "Guerre de course".Cybercyde
Corvette, sloop of warUnrated flush-decked, 2-masted fighting vessel - see Ships' Rates on another page.Wikipedia
CotsSwinging beds for Officers, similar to but more comfortable than crew hammocks.HMS Victory
CounterThe part of the stern (a,b top left) over the deck transom and sternpost.OHO*
Courses, fore and mainThe lowermost sails on the foremast and mainmast. Also foresail and mainsail.Jans Sajt
Coxswain, Cox'nSailor in charge of a boat, Petty Officer commanding the Captain's gig or barge.Blogspot
CringlesSmall holes (top centre) rimmed with stranded cordage in the corners of a sail to reef it. Also grommets.MC Jazz
CrossjackThe lowest (25) sail on the mizzen mast.EB*
CrosstreesTwo horizontal spars at the upper ends of the topmasts or royal masts.Wikipedia
Crow's nestShelter for lookouts at a masthead.Wikipedia
CuddyNickname for Midshipmen.(none)
Cubby, cubby-hole, cuddySmall cabin at the stern.(none)
CutlassNaval sword with a 28" blade.Nelson's Navy
Cut-out expeditionAction on boats in an anchorage to capture enemy vessels lying there.WordPress
D DavitDevice for hoisting and lowering a boat.Media Harmonists
Dead reckoningNavigation based on log entries of a vessel's directions, speeds and times.(none)
DeadeyesThree-holed blocks.Wikipedia
DeadriseAngle (bottom right) between a vessel's side and its keel.Oxford Handbooks
DeckheadThe underside of a deck in a vessel.(none)
DecksThe various horizontal wooden surfaces between the sides of a ship.Global Security
DefaulterCrewman guilty of some misdemeanour, offense or crime, destined to appear before the Captain's Mast.(none)
DhowSailing vessels with 1 or more masts and lateen sails used in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean.Shutterstock
DinghyVessel's boat with 6 or more oars.Pinterest
Distress (signal)National colours set upside down to indicate that a vessel is in a dangerous situation.Pinterest
Ditty bagSailor's hold-all bag.Blogspot
Division (crew)Group of Seamen working a battery of 6-8 guns, commanded by an Officer assisted by a Petty Officer.Bbritish Battles
DockA harbour quay, a stone platform lying alongside or projecting into water for loading and unloading ships. Also wharf, pier, berth, jetty.Swansea Docks
DockingMooring a vessel to a dock.WordPress
Dolphin strikerA small vertical or near vertical ancillary spar (B) between bowsprit and martingale.Wikipedia
DriverSee spanker.
DrogueDevice attached to a vessel's stern to slow it down in a storm.Sailing Scuttlebutt
DunnagePersonal baggage, like an Officer's sea chest.Vallejo Gallery
E En flûteShip with some or all of her guns removed.Pinterest
EscutcheonPart of vessel's stern where its name is displayed.Fine Art America
F FantailSee poop deck.
FathomMeasure of depth (6').(none)
FiddlesRaised strips of wood on table or desk to keep objects from falling off during ship rolls. Also cheap violins.Suddenlink
Fife railsHorizontal strips of wood joined to the tops of stanchions to belay the vessel's halyards at the base of a mast.Wikipedia
FifesFlutes in a military band.Heinz History Center
Fighting topsPlatforms at the upper end of each lower mast, holding musket and swivel sharpshooters.Pinterest
Figurehead Decorative carving, typically a bust or a full-length figure, at the prow of a sailing ship.P* - Morgans Lists
Fire ship, fireshipA ship filled with combustibles, set on fire and steered or allowed to drift into an enemy port.Pinterest
FishingRepairing a damaged mast or spar with a fillet of wood.HNSA* Luce
FlemishedLine coiled to lie flat on the deck.Modelship World
FlintlockFiring mechanism (animation) for muskets, pistols and rifles, later adopted also on naval cannon.Wikipedia
Flying jibOutermost jib (1) on the bowsprit.EB*
Flying jib boomSpar (C) over the jib boom (B) further extending the length of the bowsprit (A).Wikipedia
Flush deckUpper deck extending from bow to stern.Pinterest
FootropesLines under the yards to support topmen handling sails.Global Security
Fore-and-aft rigSails arranged parallel rather than perpendicular to the line of the keel.NJSD*
Forecastle, foc's'lThe forward section of a vessel, housing crew quarters.RDS*
ForedeckRaised forward section of a vessel over the forecastle.RMG*
ForefootLower part (bottom right) of the stem of a vessel.Quora
ForemastThe mast nearest to a vessel's bow.PDP*
ForesailsSails from the foremast to the bowsprit. Also jibs.Alamy
ForestayStay (F) to support a vessel's foremast.Global Security
FotheringCovering a leaking hole in the hull by tying a sail or other canvas over it.RMG*
Fouled anchorAn anchor which has become hooked on some impediment on the bottom or has its cable wound round its stock or flukes. The latter also the seal of the Lord High Admiral and the the British Admiralty.crwflags
FramesCurved structural elements of a vessel's hull.TMS*
FreeboardDistance (right) from the waterline to the upper deck level.Wikipedia
Full and by(e)Sailing as close to the wind as possible yet with full-drawing sails.News API
Full rigSee square rig.
FurlingTo roll up the sails and secure them to their yards with gaskets, so they will no longer draw.SWOTW
FuttocksStructural elements (mid top) of a vessel's stem. See also frames.Quora
Futtock shroudsRopes or chains running from the outer edges of a top downwards and inwards to a point on the mast or lower shrouds, to prevent the top from tilting relative to the mast.USF*
G Gaff sail4-cornered, fore-and-aft rigged sail, controlled at its peak and, usually, its entire head by a gaff spar (2).Wikipedia
GalleonLarge, multi-decked armed Spanish merchant ship used to carry home precious cargo from the colonies.Fine Art America
Galley (kitchen)Space under the forecastle where the Cook prepares food for Officers and crew.TET* WP*
Galley (vessel)Since Greek times and until the advent of square-rigged ships, the most widely used type of war vessel in the Mediterranean, powered by sweeps and lateen sails. Later, still used by Barbary corsairs and pirates.Wikipedia
GamblingAlthough strictly prohibited on board, a favourite secretive crew pastime involving dice, cards, cock fights, rat and cockroach races, etc. often performed in the cable tier.Fun Trivia
GangwaysNarrow open-air corridors joining the quarterdeck to the forecastle.Monkbarns WP*
GarboardPlank (lower left) on a vessel’s bottom next to the keel.Rpm Nautical
GasketsCords (H) to secure a furled sail to its yard.Ocean Navigator
GlassA telescope (also called spyglass, bring'em near), or the barometer.Le Compendium
Grape, grapeshotCannon ammunition consisting of small metal balls or slugs packed tightly into a canvas bag.TreasureNet
Grapnel, grappling hookSmall anchor for dragging or grappling.CDN Instructables
GratingsWooden frames used as hatch covers, and as vertical supports for lashings.Getty Images
GrogDiluted Jamaicam rum given to the crew by the Purser at the cry "Up spirits!" or "Splice the mainbrace!".Drinking Cup
GrommetsSee cringles.
Gun deck(s)Decks where vessel's cannon are housed.Pinterest
Gun brigSmall brig-rigged vessel, generally carrying 2 chase long guns and 10 carronades on the broadsides.Cloudfront
Gun portsOpenings in the sides of the vessel through which cannon can be fired.Wikipedia
Gunner Warrant Officer responsible for the vessel's cannon and ammunition, magazine and powder room.ASLFM*
GunpowderMix of charcoal, sulphur and saltpeter that burns very quickly and creates gases propelling cannon shot out.Wise Geek
GunroomJunior officers' mess (lower left) on the lower deck.Imgur
GunwaleThe upper planking on the side of a vessel, an extension of the bulwark over the gun deck.Stock Photo
GunsSee cannon.
Gybing, jibingSee wearing.
H
HailA shout or call to attract attention.(none)
Halyards, halliardsLines used to raise a sail, flag, yard or ladder.Jans Sajt
HammocksSleeping accomodations for non-officer crew: fabric slings suspended between two points.ASLFM
HanceThe step (left) made by the drop of a hand-rail at the top of a vessel's side to a lower level.Pinterest
HanksRings (right) or clips for attaching a jib or staysail to a stay.Radek Ship Models
Hard tackA type of biscuit made from flour, water, and salt. Inexpensive and long-lasting, used for sustenance in the absence of perishable foods as during long sea voyages.NBHS*
HatchesOpenings in the main deck allowing access below deck.Gstatic
HaulTo pull a line.Wikipedia
Hawse, hawsepipe, hawseholeHole in a vessel's bow side through which the anchor cable passes.ANMM* WP*
HawserThick rope or cable for mooring or towing a vessel.Alamy
Head, headsSeamen's open-air privies at the bows.Kayedacus WP*
Head seaA sea where waves directly oppose the motion of the vessel.Pinterest
HeadgearRigging (1,2,3,4,5) ahead of the foremast.Schooner Coast
HeadsailsSails (1,2,3,4) set forward of the foremast of a vessel. Also jibs.EB*
HeaveTo pull a line, to lift or move with effort.Wikipedia
Heave toTo adjust rudder and sails so as to stop a vessel's forward motion.Find Boat Pics
HelmThe single or multiple, 8- or 10-spoked steering device on larger vessels, connected by cables to the rudder. Also wheel.Shutterstock
HelmsmanAble Seaman who steers the vessel.Pinterest
HitchKnot to fasten a rope or line to a fixed object.Skipper Tips
HMS/H.M.S.Acronym/abbreviation for His/Her Majesty's Ship.(none)
HogsheadLarge cask (centre) for liquids.Hubstatic
HoistTo raise, or the device for lifting/lowering a load.Adam Nash
HoldStorage space in the lower part of a vessel's hull below the orlop deck.Blogspot
HolystoningScrubbing the decks with bears of sandstone to ensure their smoothness, followed by swabbing them..Q-Files
HoundsProtrusions high on a mast onto which blocks are hung for the halyards.Model Ship World
HoyHeavy barge used for freight.MLH*
HulksDecommissioned vessels afloat, providing living, office, training, storage, or prison space.Pinterest
HullThe body of a vessel, meeting the water surface at the waterline.Pinterest
Hull downA vessel (extreme left) whose upper parts only are visible over the horizon.Pinterest
Hung in staysFailed tacking maneuvre, with the vessel not turning through the eye of the wind into the opposite direction.Find Boat Pics
I IdlersCrewmen not required to serve watches like Cooks, Carpenters, Boatswains, Pursers, Sailmakers, Coopers and their mates if any.(none)
In irons, in staysSee hung in stays.
InshoreNear, in sight of the shore.Artnet
J Jack, jack tarA Seaman, Sailor.Alamy
JackNational flag worn at the jackstaff.Amazon
Jackstaff, jack staffSmall vertical pole on the bow of a vessel to hold a national flag.Alamy
Jib boom, jibboomSpar (B, green) extending the length of the bowsprit (A).Wikipedia
JibsTriangular staysails (1,2,3,4) set between the foremast and bowsprit of a sailing vessel.EB*
Jolly boatBoat (top left) used mainly to ferry personnel to and from a vessel.Wikipedia
JonasA person bringing bad luck, from Biblical prophet Jonah.Pravoslavie
JunksTraditional Chinese lug sail vessels of varying size, with battens spanning the full width of the sails .Universty of Montreal
Jury rigMakeshift repairs made at sea to a vessel (at left) damaged by weather or enemy action.Blogspot
K KedgeMoving a vessel by dropping a relatively light anchor as a pivot to perform a sharp turn.Pinterest
KeelThe lowest structural member at the bottom of a vessel.Wood Magazine
KeelhaulingPunishment by dragging under the keel for serious defaulters in some navies other than the RN.Bournville Village Trust
Kelson, keelsonStructural member (17) fastened to the keel for additional longitudinal stiffness and to bind the longitudinal members (keel and hog) to the transverse members (frames and floors).Wikipedia
Ketch2-masted vessel.Michael Kasten
Kicking strapSee boom vang.
Kiss the Gunner’s DaughterUnruly Midshipmen were bent over the breech of a cannon and caned on their bare buttocks.Corpun
KneesStructural support elements.NJSD*
KnotMeasure of speed: 1 nautical mile (1.8520 km, 1.1508 mi) per hour.(none)
KnotsVarious ways of tying cordage securely.Ask Ideas
L Laid up in ordinaryVessels out of active service for repairs, maintenance or other non-seagoing uses, typically with no sails and uncrossed or no yards on their masts..Magnolia Box
Landlubbers, landsmenCrewmen with no previous sailing experience, usually assigned to waisters.CNU*
LangridgeCannon ammunition of various types to damage rigging, including bar, link and chain shots.Pinterest
LanyardCord worn around the neck or wrist. Also a rope to fire cannon equipped with flintlocks.Wikipedia
LarboardFacing the bow, the left-hand side of a vessel. Also port.(none)
Lashing, lashesFlogging Seamen defaulters with a cat-o'-nine-tails at the gratings.SGetty Images
Lateen sailsFore-and-aft triangular sails set on a long yard mounted at an angle to the mast.Simple Sail
LaunchA boat (top right) propelled by 8 oars or a sail, usually a vessel's largest.Pinterest
Lazy jacks, lazyjacksCordage (blue) on a fore-and-aft rigged vessel to help in its reefing and furling.Wikipedia
LeadDevice to take soundings: a lead plummet attached to a long line with marks made of leather, calico, serge and other materials at intervals along the line, so shaped and attached that it is possible to "read" them by eye during the day or by feel at night.RMG*
LeadsmanSeaman who takes soundings with a lead.Wikipedia
Leach, leechThe lateral sides of a sail. See Sail parts.
LeagueDistance of 3 statute miles.(none)
LeechlinesLines running inwards and upwards from the central edges (leeches) of a sail.Wikipedia
LeewardDownwind of a point of reference.Wikipedia
Lee shoreShore leeward of a vessel.Incollect
LieutenantA Commissioned Officer designated 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th depending on his vessel's rate.ULD*
LighterFlat-bottomed barge moved and steered with sweeps, to transfer goods and passengers to/from vessels.Hay in Art
List (angle)Lean or tilt (roll) of a vessel to one of its sides.Pinterest
Loblolly boysSee Surgeon's mates.(none)
Log (device)Measuring the speed of a vessel, based on the number of knots passing through a given period of time.Pinterest
Log, logbook (document)Official daily record of important events in the management, operation, and navigation of a vessel.Wikipedia
LookoutCrewman stationed high on a vessel's rigging to watch for other vessels, land, navigational hazards, etc.Wikipedia
Lower deckDeck of a vessel below the main deck and above her hold.Global Security
Lower deck (crew)The non-officer members of a vessel's company.(none)
Lubber's holesOpenings (red) in a top allowing easy entry to and exit from it.Global Security
LuffSteering a vessel closer to the wind.Pinterest
Lug sailsFour-sided sails supported by a yard (top) set diagonally to their mast.Pinterest
LuggerSmall sailing vessel with lug sails set on two or more masts.Brethren of the Coast
M MagazineStoreroom for gunpowder below the waterline, usually copper-sheathed to prevent accidental sparks.Techno-Fandom
Main deckUppermost continuous deck from bow to stern.Pinterest
Mainmast, mainThe tallest mast on a vessel.Pinterest
Make and mendTime allowed to Seamen on Sunday or Wednesday afternoons to attend to their clothing and appearance.Sea Thieves
Man-of-war, man o' warA rated fighting vessel.Pinterest
Man overboard!Emergency call alerting that someone has gone overboard and must be rescued if possible.Malcolm Armstrong
MangerSmall enclosure (right) for livestock on the foredeck.Imgur
ManifestList of cargo, passengers and crew of a vessel, for customs and other inspecting officials.Blogspot
ManropesRopes used as a handrails.Blogspot
MarlinspikeTool used in marine ropework.Wikipedia
MartingaleStay (A) between the tip of the bowsprit and the dolphin striker.Wikipedia
Master and CommanderSee Commander. Also the title of an extremely well-researched 2003 film written and directed by Peter Weir. Battle scene on
Master, Sailing MasterWarrant Officer appointed by the Navy Board, responsible for the vessel's navigation and its fitting out.Wigowsky
Master, Master-at-armsPetty Officer responsible for the vessel's security and small-arms training of the crew.ULD*
MastheadsPlatforms partway up the masts just above their main yards.Alamy
MastsVertical poles to hold yards and sails.
On large sailing vessels they are built from up to 5 sections (also called masts), known in order of rising height above the decks as lower, top, topgallant, royal and skysail masts.
Pinterest
MessThe space below deck where Seamen have their meals and off-watch leisure activities.La Perouse Museum
Mess kidWooden bucket (upper left) to hold a mess's ration of food.St. Vincent College
Mess tablesFoldable wooden plank tables, usually accomodating 6 Seamen.Pinterest
MidshipmenOfficer candidates. See Naval Ranks on another page.ULD*
Midshipmen's cockpitSee cockpit. Also the action station for the vessel's surgeon and his mates during battlePinterest
Mizzen mast, mizen mastThe aftmost mast of a full-rigged vessel.Alamy
MonkeysSee powder monkeys.
Moonraker mastTopmost section of a mainmast, rarely on square rigged vessels other than clippers.Wikipedia
Moonraker sails, moon sailsSails on the moonraker masts of a square rigged vessel.University of Montreal
Muster bookMaster record of the personnel in a vessel's complement.WordPress
N NarrowsNarrow part of a waterway.Blogspot
Naval blockadePreventing vessels from entering/exiting enemy ports by seizing them as prizes or sinking them.Wikipedia
Naval-blockaded portsThe red line on the map shows the area with ports interdicted to the British and in turn blockaded by them.Netdna cdn
NayNo, negative.(none)
O OakumTarred fibre for caulking the joints of planks.Home Depot
OfficersCommissioned Officers, Warrant Officers (WOs) and Standing Officers, and Petty Officers (POs).
See Naval Ranks on another page.
John Michael Groves
Officers' quartersAccomodation (lower left) for Commissioned Officers.Daily Mail, John Lawson
OilskinWaterproof foul-weather garment.Pinterest
Orlop deckThe lowest deck in a ship, usually below the waterline, where cables are stowed.Global Security
OuthaulsLines used to extend a sail and control the shape of the curve at its foot.Modelship World
Over the barrel (of a gun)See kiss the gunner's daughter.
OverboardObject or person (see also Man overboard!) gone into the water from a vessel.Alamy
OverheadThe ceiling of an enclosed space below decks, the bottom of the deck above.G Static
P Packet, packet boatVessel carrying mail packets to and from British colonies, outposts and vessels.Wikipedia
ParrelBand (8,top) fastening a yard to a mast.Pinterest
Paying offLetting a vessel's head fall off from the wind.Pinterest
PaymasterSee Purser.
Pea jacketShort double-breasted overcoat of coarse woollen cloth.Wikipedia
PennantLong triangular flag flown from the masthead of a vessel.Wikipedia
Petty OfficersMaster-at-arms, Quartermaster, Ship's Corporal, Coxswain, Sailmaker, Yeoman, Armourer, Caulker, Ropemaker, Cooper and their Mates (if any). See Naval Ranks on another page.Pinterest
Picket boatSmall boat on sentry, harbour patrol and close inshore duty.Hobbylinc
PilotA maritime pilot or marine pilot or harbour pilot is an experienced Seaman who manoeuvres vessels through dangerous or congested waters, such as harbours or river mouths.Pinterest
PinnaceA light boat, propelled by 8-10 oars or sails, serving as a tender.Pinterest
Pintle and gudgeonPin or bolt (2) resting in the gudgeon (3), on which a vessel's or boat rudder (4,5) pivots for steering.Wikipedia
PipeWine cask of ½ tun (240 gallons) capacity.Wikipedia
PipeclayFine, white clay used for whitening Royal Marine crossbelts.(none)
Points of sailA sailing vessel's direction of travel under sail in relation to the true wind direction.School of Sailing
Polacre3-masted vessel with a narrow hull, a square-rigged foremast followed by 2 lateen sails.Wikipedia
PoopEnclosed structure (right) at a vessel's stern above the main deck.WordPress
Poop deckThe deck that forms the roof of a cabin in the aft part of the superstructure of a ship.Global Security
PoopedSwamped aft by a high, following sea.Flickr
PortHarbour.Pinterest
Port (side)Same as larboard: with a steering rudder at starboard, it was the vessel's side used to dock.Rick McClain
Port (wine)Sweet red Portuguese wine (Vinho do Porto from the Douro region) used on board in after-dinner toasts.WordPress
Powder hulkHulk used to store gunpowder.Wikipedia
Powder monkeysYoung boys (left) carrying gun charges from the powder room to the gun decks.Wikipedia
Powder roomA small, copper-plated area close to the magazine where powder charges are prepared by the Gunner wearing felt slippers and passed through felt curtains to prevent their accidental ignition.Pinterest
Prevailing windsWinds that blow predominantly from a single general direction over a particular area on the Earth.Photographers1
PrivateersPrivate persons or private war vessels authorised by their country's Government by a "Letter of Marque"
to attack foreign shipping. See also Corsair.
Wikipedia
ProwThe forward-most part of a vessel's bow that cuts through the water, above the waterline.
Prow and bow are often used interchangeably.
Clash of Steel
Purser, pusserA Warrant Officer appointed by the Victualling Board to manage a vessel's provisions and crew accounts.ULD*
Purser's bookPurser's official record of a vessel's provisions and crew earnings (pay, prize money) and charges (for slops, extra rations, etc.).RMG*
Q QuarterThe aftmost side (left), port and starboard, of a vessel's hull.Rick McClain
Quarter galleriesOfficers' privies.Kayedacus WP*
QuarterdeckRaised deck (centre) behind the mainmast or mizzenmast, its windward side reserved to the Officer on duty.Wikipedia
QuartermasterA Petty Officer or Able Seaman (left) operating as helmsman.ULD*
QuoinWooden wedge (4) to adjust cannon elevation.Sea Thieves
R RateOrdinal number system (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th) devised by Admiral George Anson
to indicate a fighting ship's type - see Ships' Rates on another page.
Ratlines, rattlins, ratlinsLengths of thin line tied between the shrouds to form a ladder for topmen.St. Vincent College
RazeeRated vessel (right) whose number of decks has been reduced, typically a smaller 2-decker to large frigate.Wikipedia
ReachSee Points of Sail.
Reave, reeveTo pass ropes over the wheels of a block.HNSA* Luce
Reducing sailReducing the number of sails aloft exposed to the wind in bad weather.Biola University
ReefingReducing the area of the sails aloft exposed to the wind in bad weather.19CSPIP*
RigA vessel's distinctive arrangement of masts and sails.G Static
RiggingThe complex system of cordage on a sailing vessel:
— Standing rigging: shrouds and stays to support and adjust its masts, sails and spars
— Running rigging: halyards, braces, sheets, outhauls and vangs (on mizzen masts) to trim its sails.
Wikipedia
Roads, roadstedSheltered area outside a harbour where a vessel can lie at anchor safely.BWWM*
RobandsShort pieces of spun yarn or other material, to secure a sail to a yard, gaff, or the like.Wikipedia
Rogue wavesUnexpected, large surface waves.Pinterest
Rope yarnSee Make and mend.
RopemakerPetty Officer responsible for maintaining and repairing a vessel's cordage.Vindheim
RoundhousesMidshipmen's enclosed privies at the bow.Kayedacus WP*
Royal mast4th upper section of a mast.Wikipedia
RoyalsSails (6,15,22) on the Royal masts of a square rigged vessel.EB*
RudderA vessel's primary steering device, placed aft and externally to the keel, governed by helm or tiller.BMB*
RunningSailing with a stern wind. See Points of Sail.
RutterHandbook of written sailing directions, often with illustrations.Wikipedia
Ruse de guerreA ruse of war, a deception to trick one's opponent and gain an advantage - like displaying his colours.(none)
S SailsThe wind-driven 'engines' propelling a sailing vessel.The Pirate King
Sail namesDifferent names identify square sails depending on their level in a vessel's rigging.Wikipedia
Sail partsOn a square sail: head (top), leeches (sides), foot (bottom) with clews to make it fast.Wikipedia
SailmakerPetty Officer in charge of maintaning and repairing the vessel's sails.Alamy
Scandalise (sails)To reduce the area and efficiency of sails without properly reefing them.(none)
SchoonerUnrated flush-decked, 2-masted fighting vessel - see Ships' Rates on another page.Artnet
ScowFlat-bottomed boat with a blunt bow, used to haul bulk freight.Pinterest
ScuddingVessel carried along by a gale or tempest.John Horton
ScuttlebuttsWater barrels with a hole from which sailors could drink. Also the rumours and gossip typically exchanged among Seamen while loitering thereabouts.Navy
ScuppersWaterways to drain water overboard.WordPress
Seamen, SailorsExcluding Officers, Warrant Officers, Midshipmen and Petty Officers, the rest of the crew classified
as either Able Seamen, Ordinary Seamen and Landlubbers depending on their level of skill.
See Naval Ranks on another page.
Library of Congress
Sea anchorSee drogue.
SheavesSee blocks.
SheerLongitudinal curvature (bottom left and right) of the main deck.Wikipedia
SheetsLines, ropes, or cables (2) to control the movable corner(s) (clews) of a sail.Pinterest
Ship's complement (up to 1755)A vessel's entire population, inhabiting and working in her - with soldiers in place of Royal Marines.Pinterest
Ship's complement (after 1755)A vessel's entire population, inhabiting and working in her - including Royal Marines in place of soldiers.Pinterest
Ship's living spacesThe areas (white) below deck in a ship.Daily Mail
Ship rig, ship riggedA full-rigged ship or fully rigged ship denotes a vessel's sail plan with 3 or more masts, all square-rigged.Fine Art America
Ship's CorporalPetty Officer assistant to the Master-at-Arms.(none)
ShipwreckThe remains of a vessel that has wrecked.Maritimetas
Shot garlandA wooden frame to hold shot close to the guns.(none)
ShroudsRopes (yellow) to hold a mast up laterally.Global Security
SickbayVessel's compartment on the orlop deck to treat medical cases, also called lazarette.ASLFM*
Signal gunSmall-calibre cannon mounted on a bulwark, firing a powder charge to draw attention to signals.Alamy
SignallingExchanging orders or information between vessels, using flags in daytime with good visibility or flares and lanterns at night or with low visibility. Often accompanied by firing a signal gun.Alamy
SignalsSee Communications on another page.(none)
SkylarkingThe antics of Midshipmen and Sailors climbing the rigging and sliding down the backstays to the deck for fun.Readex
Skysail mast6th upper section of a mainmast, rarely on other masts.Wikipedia
Skysail, skys'lSails (5,14,20) on the skysail masts of a square rigged vessel.EB*
SkyscraperA tringular rather than square moonraker sail (centre).Modelling
SlopsCrew clothing issued by the Purser.Maritime Aloft
Small beerA beer that contains very little alcohol, typically about 0.75%, sometimes unfiltered and porridge-like.Brewing Nordic
SnottiesSee Midshipmen.
Snow Square rigged vessel with 2 masts, with a snow- or trysail-mast immediately abaft the mainmast.Wikipedia
SoundingsMeasuring the depth of water below the keel of a vessel with a lead.Wikipedia
Sou'westerCollapsible oilskin rain hat that is longer in the back than the front to protect the neck fully..Binnacle
SpankerGaff sail (26) set on the mizzennmast. Also called driver.EB*
SparsPoles of wood in the rigging of a sailing vessel to carry or support its sails:
they include yards, booms, masts and bowsprit.
Pirates Hegewisch
Speaking trumpetA loud hailer to carry orders and messages over distances or in bad weather.Nathan Zeldes
SpikingTemporarily disabling a gun by hammering a barbed steel spike into its touch-holePractical Machinist
SpirkettingDeck planking (23) near the bulwarks.Oxford Handbooks
SplicingJoining two ends of rope together without using a knot.HNSA* Luce
Square rig, square riggedA vessel with square sails.PMM*
Standing OfficersWarrant Officers permanently assigned to a vessel for maintenance, repair and upkeep like Carpenters, Gunners and Boatswains. See Naval Ranks on another page.(none)
Starboard (side)Facing the bow, the right-hand side of a vessel - so named because it accomodated the lateral steering rudder before central rudders came into general use.Rick McClain
StarterKnotted rope end or rattan cane used by Petty Officers to stimulate prompt Seamen's reaction to orders.Types of Everything
StaysFore-and-aft ropes (A-O) running from the masts to the hull, deck or bowsprit to provide stability,
with ratlines to aid the topmen's ascent aloft.
Global Security.
Staysails, stays'lsTriangular sails (11,12,13) set between the mainmast and bowsprit.EB*
Steerage deckThe lower deck of a vessel above the hold, where cargo and passengers are accomodated.Blogspot
SteeragewaySpeed sufficient for the rudder to "bite" and the vessel to be steered.WordPress
Stepping (a mast)Raising a mast vertically so that it rests securely on the keelson.Hurstwic
StemFront vertical beam (right) of the hull.NJSD*
SternThe after end of a vessel.WHAWL*
SternwayA vessel moving rearwards.(none)
Storage roomsLocked spaces (bottom left) in the hold for victuals and spirits.Imgur
StowageThe space available for storing cargo on board.(none)
StrakesStrips of longitudinal planking (red) along a vessel's side to keep it watertight.Wikipedia
StrikingHauling down the national colours (right) to signify surrender to an opponent.Wooden Boat Forum
StringersLongitudinal planking (5) for structural strength.Splash Maritime
Stroke oarThe rower closest to the boat stern at port, setting the stroke rate and rhythm for the other rowers.(none)
Stunning sails, stuns'lsSails on booms extended out of the side of the vessel, on the top of main, lower and upper topsail yards
to increase the sail area exposed to a following wind in lighter airs.
Pinterest
SupernumeraryAn unofficial extra passenger on board.(none)
SurgeonThe vessel's 'doctor', normally in the sickbay or in the cockpit to treat action casualties.ASLFM*
Surgeon's matesAssistants to the Surgeon, also called loblolly boys.Blogspot
SwabbingCleaning the deck with a swab, i.e. a mop.Alamy
Swabby, swabbieAny member of a vessel's crew with deck duties.(none)
SweepsLong oars used to row vessels with a low freeboard.Blogspot
T TackingTo turn a vessel's bow toward the wind so that it will blow from the opposite side. Also going/coming about.Meridian 360
TackleAssemblage of ropes and blocks.HNSA* Luce
TaffrailHandrail (top) at the sternmost deck.Pinterest
Taken abackA vessel's sails blown backwards by a wind shift or an inattentive Sailing Master.Tate Galleries
Tampion, tompionWooden plug to close the muzzle of a cannon.Blogspot
TarpaulinHeavy-duty waterproof cloth of tarred canvas. Also a nickname for Sailors like jack tar.(none)
Tholes, thole pinsPins in the bulwarks of a boat to keep the oars in place while rowing.Blogspot
ThwartsStructural crosspieces in a boat forming seats for rowers.HNSA*
TidesThe rise and fall of sea level caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth:
  • Flood tide: level rises over several hours, covering the intertidal zone
  • High tide: level rises to its highest
  • Ebb tide: level falls over several hours, revealing the intertidal zone
  • Low tide: level stops falling and reaches its lowest
Its amplitude varies with geographical location (see map) and time of the year.
Wikipedia
TillerThe steering device on smaller vessels, directly attached to the rudder.Wikipedia
TomahawkBoarding axe.Pinterest
Top hamperThe upper spars and gear above the deck.The Square Rigger
Topmast2nd section (red) of a mast from the deck of a square rigged vessel.Wikipedia
TopmenSkilled Seamen working aloft on the yards.Pinterest
Topping liftsLines (centre right) that hold a yard to its mast and also allow to raise or lower its position.Pirate Documents
TopsWooden platforms to anchor the shrouds of upper topmasts, and observation perches for lookouts.Pinterest
Topsails, tops'lsLower (9,18,24) and upper (8,17,23) sails on the topmasts of a square rigged vessel.EB*
Topgallant mast3rd upper section (top, white) of a mast from the deck of a square rigged vessel.Wikipedia
Topgallant sailsSails (7,16,22) on a topmast of a square rigged vessel.EB*
TowingTo draw a vessel forward by long lines attached to rowing boats.Pinterest
TransomThe surface formimg the stern of a vessel.OHO*
Traverse boardWooden board with peg-holes and attached pegs, a memory aid used in dead reckoning navigation to record speeds and directions sailed during a watch.Mariners Museum
Trice upTo haul in and lash secure a sail with a small rope.Ancestry
TrawlersTrawling fishing vessels that could be converted for RN and Customs service use.Pinterest
Trim (sails)To adjust a vessel's sails for optimum efficiency in the prevailing wind conditions.
Trim (load)To adjust a vessel's cargo and ballast for stability, or to offer the least resistance to the vessel's movement
through water.
Pinterest
Trinity House
of Deptford Strond (Kent)
The Corporation of Trinity House is a private entity governed under a Royal Charter, responsible for the provision and maintenance of navigational aids, an official deep sea pilotage authority and a maritime charity dispensing funds for the welfare of retired Seamen, the training of young cadets and the promotion of safety at sea. It examines for and issues pilot's licenses and certificates for merchant masters and mates.Wikipedia
TruckWooden cap at the top of a mast with holes through which flag halyards are passed.GNB*
TrysailsThe main fore-and-aft sails (11,12,13) on any mast.EB*
TumblehomeSloping sides (top, red) of the hull, to impede boarding and deflect cannonballs.Flickr
U Under way, underwayA vessel moving under control, with sufficient speed through water to steer with its own rudder or tiller.Pinterest
Up and downSlack anchor cable or chain at short stay (3), hanging vertically from the hawsepipe.Wikipedia
UphaulsSee topping lifts.
Upper deckThe topmost deck of a vessel.Global Security
V VanThe front of a line or convoy of vessels.Imgur
VolunteersCivilians joining a vessel's crew of their own free will, enticed by recruiting posters affixed locally.Wikipedia
W WaistThe upper deck area amidships, between main and mizzen masts.Kayedacus WP*
WaistersLess skilled Seamen employed in the waist of a vessel.G Static
WalesThick wooden planks (centre right) fastened to the sides of a vessel to protect them from wear.Pinterest
WardroomLiving and berthing quarters for Commissioned Officers and Warrant Officers.Pinterest
Wardroom cabinsBerths for Commissioned Officers, with a cot or hammock and a table, a cloth curtain for privacy.Pinterest
WarpTo turn an anchored vessel on its axis by hauling on a cable fastened to fixed object
or pulled by crewmen ashore. To move a vessel, especially through a restricted place.
Wikipedia
Warrant OfficersOfficers holding a King's Warrant rather than a commission for specialised duties like Carpenter, Boatswain and Gunner.Pinterest
WaterlineThe line (center) where the hull of a vessel meets the surface of the water.Wikipedia
Watch (of duty)Subdivision of a vessel's working day. See Daily Life on Board on another page.(none)
Watch OfficerOfficer in charge of a watch.(none)
WearingTurning a vessel's stern through a following wind. Also gybing or jibing.Pinterest
Weather gauge, gageAdvantageous upwind position of a sailing vessel (right) relative to another (left).Bermuda Online
Whaleboat, whalerNarrow rowboat pointed at both ends and thus moving forwards or backwards equally easily.Blogspot
WharfStructure on the shore of a harbour where vessels may dock, with one or more berths and piers, warehouses, or other facilities. Also quay, staith or staithe.Monterey Wharf
WheelVessel's steering device. See also helm.Wikipedia
WhipTackle, usually on a yard (mid right), to hoist/lower weights to/from a vessel.Maritime org
WhipstaffVertical lever controlling a vessel’s rudder.Q-Files
WindlassA horizontal revolving cylinder wound with ropes to move heavy weights.AWS*
WindwardUpwind of a point of reference.Wikipedia
WivesSeamen were not usually granted leave ashore when in port but could be allowed to receive their wives, real or presumed, on board.ULD*
X XebecA Mediterranean sailing and oared vessel for trading or piracy, with a long bowsprit and lateen sails.Wikipedia
YYardarmsThe outermost tips of the yards.Omniglot
YardsThe horizontal poles (1-15), secured to the masts (A-K) with buntlines, holding square sails.HMS Trincomalee
YawlSmall vessel with 2 masts rigged fore-and-aft, its mainmast much taller than its mizzen.Wikipedia
YeomanPetty Officer with administrative and clerical duties.(none)
nautical Terms, illustrated by images linked from the Internet.


Abbreviations (*) Used for Image Sources

  • 19CSPIP: 19th Century Ship Portraits in Prints
  • ANMM: Australian National Maritime Museum
  • ASLFM: A Sailor's Life For Me
  • AWS: Amazon Web Services
  • BMB: Building Model Boats
  • BWWM: Blue World Web Museum
  • CNU: Christopher Newport University
  • CPP: Chelsea Public Programme
  • CSDS: Cool San Diego Sights
  • EB: Encyclopedia Britannica
  • GNB: Government of New Brunswick
  • HNSA: Historic Naval Ships Association
  • HNSA Luce: Historic Naval Ships Association - Textbook of Seamanship by Commodore Luce
  • MLH: Margate Local History
  • MNH: Military Naval History
  • NBHS: New Boston Historical Society
  • NJSD: New Jersey Scuba Diving
  • OHO: Oxford Handbooks Online
  • P: Pinterest
  • PDP: Public Domain Pictures
  • PMM: Penobscot Marine Museum
  • PSMHS: Puget Sound Maritime Historical Society
  • RDS: Robin's Dockside Shop
  • RMG: Royal Museums Greenwich
  • SMA: Ship Modelers' Association
  • SMG: Skipjack Marine Gallery
  • SWOTW: Shipping Wonders of the World
  • TET: The Eternal Traveller
  • TMS: The Model Shipwright
  • ULD: Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Darmstadt: The British Navy in 1799: the Uniform Plates of Thomas Rowlandson - © Markus Stein.
  • USF: University of South Florida
  • WHAWL: White Haven and Western Lakeland
  • WP: WordPress
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